next arrow

Remember the Rainforest tm



Expedition Index

Expedition Text

Expedition Etchings




People and Scenes

Eco-petitions and project proposals

Lesson plans


Authors and Artists

Contact us


















Contents of Volume 2

Travels in Brazil by Karl von Martius, 1824

Book 3 Chapter 1

Stay in the city of Sao Paulo*** pages 1-40.

Topography of the city (2,20)-------- Historical character of the Paulistas (4)---------Population (6,10,32)--- Public Institutions (9)--- Theatre (13)--- Popular poetry (14)-Manufactory of arms (18)----- Breeding of silk worms and cochineal insects (19)-----Trade (16,35)--- Importation (17)---Exportation.---Manufactures of the capitania (17)-Climate (22)----- Natural productions (20)------ Geognostical characteristics (21)---Diseases in the city (24)--- Municipal and Military constitution (26)--- Official lists of the population (32)--- Agricultural produce and commerce of the capitania (34)

Book 3 Chapter 2

Journey from Sao Paulo to the Iron Foundry at Ypanema*** pages 41-102.

Journey by way of Cutia, S. Roque (43) and Sorocaba (45) to S. Joao de Ypanema---Royal iron foundry and the iron mountain of Araasojava (46,48)----- Diseases (53)---Remarkable magnetic cure (59)----Villa de Porto Feliz (62)----Navigation on the river Tiete to Matogrosso (62,68,70)----- Indians on the Paraguay (66,72)----- Breed of cattle and mules (81,84)---- Agriculture in the capitania (79)--- Indians of S. Paulo (86)---Notes: Native medicinal plants (90)

Book 3 Chapter 3

Journey from S. Joao de Ypanema to Villa Rica *** pages 103-176.

Journey by way of Sorocaba to the chief market for mules and by way of Ytu to Jundiahy (103)--- Re-organization of the caravan (104)---S. Joao de Atibaya (109)---Camanducaya (112)--- Registo Real (111)--- Entrance into Minas Gerais (111)------- The dance called Baducca (114)--- Dangerous passage of the rivers Mandu and Servo (115)---- S. Anna de Sapucahy (118)--- First gold mines (118)----Paper currency in Minas Gerais (118)--- Flight of our negro (120)--- S. Barbara (120,123)--- Villa de Campanha (125)--- Increase of luxury in the gold country (126)---Rio Verde (130)---Poisonous serpents (131)--- Cure for serpent


bite (132)--- Rio do Peixe (134)-------Corrego dos pinheiros (135)--- Songs of the native Poet, Gonzaga (136)--- High mountains of Capivary (137)--- Passage at the waterfall of the Rio Grande, the main branch of the Rio de la Plata (140)--- Course of that river (141)---Rio dos Mortos (147)----- Morro de Bom Fim (147)------ Villa de S. Joao d'El Rey, its trade and environs (148)--- Serra Lenheiro and de S. Joze (148,152)--- Unsuccessful attempt to cultivate corn (152)----- Passage of the Rio Paraopeba (154)-----Morro da Solidade (155)--- Chapada (157)--- Animals in the campos (159)--- Morro de Gravier (159)--Capao (164)--- Lana (164)--- Notes: Mine of the yellow topazes (165)---Occurence of the euklases (166)--- Description of the yellow topazes and their formation (168)

Book 4 Chapter 1

Stay in the city of Villa Rica***pages 177-206.

Topography of the city (177)--- Population (178)--- Trade (179)--- Climate (180)--- Diseases (181)--- Occurrence of almost all metals in Minas Gerais (181)---River of Ouro Preto (182)--- Gold mines in the Morro of Villa Rica (184)--- The various methods of gold-washing (190)---The gold smelting house (191)---Gold bars (192)---Annual amount of gold (194)---- Population of Minas Gerais (195)---- Indians of the Province (196)--- Description of the formation of iron-stone flotz, quartz- and mica-slate, and clay-slate (200)------- Early explorers (199)------- Comparison with similar formations in Bavaria (200)

Book 4 Chapter 2

Journey from Villa Rica to the Indians on the Rio Xipoto*** pages 207-266.

The city of Mariana (208)--- Bishoprics in Brazil (209)--- Passage in the projection of the Itacolumi and of the Rio Mainarde (210)---- Junction of the Rio Turvo and the Rio Piranga near S. Anna dos Ferros (213)--- Boundary of the campos (214)--- Entrance into the primeval forests (214)--- Beginning of the granite formation of the Serra de S. Geraldo (215)--- First appearance of an Indian family in the forest (215)---Arrival at the Presidio of S. Joao Baptista (217)---Office of the Portuguese directors of the Indians (217)---The ipecacuanha (219)---Arrival at the fazenda of Guidowald on the Serra de Onca (219,229)--- Arrival of a horde of Coropos (219)---Pot tree (222)---Domestic arrangements of the Coroados (225)--- Preparation of their beverage called Viru (231)-Drinking feast of the Coroados (233)--- Dancing and singing of the Puris at night (235)---The bodily make, temperament, and intellectual capacity of the Indians (236)--------Propensity to witchcraft (243)------ The sorcerers or pajes (243)------ Leaders in war (245)--- Marriage, birth, burial (246)--- Recognition not of a good, but rather of an evil principle (251)--- Language (251)--- Daily occupations (256)--- Want of all social forms and of Religion (261)--- Departure from the Presidio with a young Indian (263)--False alarm; meeting with Indians in the forest (264)--- Return to Villa Rica (264)


Book 4 Chapter 3

Excursions in the environs of Villa Rica*** page 267-300.

Ascent of the mountain Itacolumi; measurement of the mountain (267)--- Its flora (268)-Journey to the iron foundry at de Prata (271)-----Old mine at Congonhas do Campo (273)----- Chromate of lead in the mine of Cujabeira (273)----- Journey to Antonio Pereira (275)--- Iron foundry there (277)--- Inficionado on the mountain Caraca (278)-Mine belonging to the guarda mor, Senhor Innocenzio (280)---- Ascent of the Caraca mountain (283)--- Hospital of Nossa Senhora Mao dos Homems (283)--- Return to Inficionado (285), and thence by way of Bento Rodriguez to Villa Rica ( 287)-------- Preparations for the departure to the diamond districts (288)------ Notes : On the heavy spar at Antonio Pereira--- On chromate of lead (289), vauquelinitep; gold-crystals (292), kyanite and rhaeticite (293)---

Brazilian popular 296

previous next arrow